Windows Server 2008 is a server OS that was produced by Microsoft. Being a successor of Windows Server 2003, it was next released in 2008, almost 5 years later. On 4th February 2008, Windows server 2008 was discharged to manufacturing. It was commonly available from 27th February 2008. Its latest release was almost 10 years ago on 22nd July 2009, termed as 6.0 (Build 6002: Service Pack 2).
Windows Server 2008 was originally termed as windows server codename ‘Longhorn’. It was given its official title as Windows server 2008 by the chairman of Microsoft (Bill Gates) on 16th May 2007 at WINHEC during his keynote address.
Before its manufacturing release, its three beta versions were released. On 27th July 2005 the first beta version was released. The second version was discharged on 23rd May 2006. On 25th April 2007, the third beta version was released. After that, on 24th September 2007, Release Candidate 0 was liberated to the public and the release candidate 1 was released on 5th December 2007. It was launched officially on 27th February 2008.
Features of Windows Server 2008 ISO
- The architecture and functionality of windows server 2008 is almost similar to windows vista due to the reason that it is built from the same code base as that of windows vista
- Due to the common code base, most of the security, management and technical features such as deployment and recovery, monitoring, some security features including ASLR and BitLocker, improved diagnostics, etc were automatically included
- A variation of installation termed as Server Core was included with windows server 2008, all maintenance and configuration are done with the help of command line interface windows.
- In Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, the manner in which groups are qualified changed essentially with the presentation of the bunch approval wizard. The group approval wizard is an element that is coordinated into failover bunching in Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. With the bunch approval wizard, a head can run a lot of concentrated tests on a gathering of servers that are expected to use as hubs in a group. This group approval process tests the hidden equipment and programming straightforwardly, and separately, to acquire an exact appraisal of how well failover bunching can be bolstered on a given design.
- For spanned and simple volumes, it has the capability of resizing the partitions of hard disk without stopping the server
Server Manager is another job-based administration device for Windows Server 2008. It is a blend of Security Configuration Wizard SCW and Manages Your Server from Windows Server 2003. Server Manager is an enhancement of the Configure my server discourse that dispatches of course on Windows Server 2003 machines. Notwithstanding, instead of serve just as a beginning stage to designing new jobs, Server Manager assembles the majority of the activities clients would need to direct on the server, for example, getting a remote organization strategy set up, including more server jobs and so forth., and gives a solidified, entrance like view about the status of every job.
Windows Server 2008 Editions
Windows Server 2008 has maximum editions available in IA-32 and x86-64 versions. The editions included in windows server 2008 are-
- Windows Server 2008 Standard (IA-32 and x86-64)
- Windows Server 2008 Enterprise (IA-32 and x86-64)
- Windows Server 2008 Datacenter (IA-32 and x86-64)
- Windows HPC Server 2008 (Codenamed “Socrates”)
- Windows Web Server 2008 (IA-32 and x86-64)
- Windows Storage Server 2008 (Codenamed “Magni”) (IA-32 and x86-64)
- Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems
- Windows Server 2008 Foundation (Codenamed “Lima”) (x86-64) for OEMs only
- Windows Small Business Server 2008 (Codenamed “Cougar”) (x86-64) for small businesses
- Windows Essential Business Server 2008 (Codenamed “Centro”) (x86-64) for medium-sized businesses(Discontinued)
Windows Server 2008 R2
A second discharge, Windows Server 2008 R2, was discharged on October 22, 2009. Retail accessibility started on September 14, 2009. Windows Server 2008 R2 achieved RTM achievement on July 22, 2009. Like Windows 7, it is based on Windows NT 6.1. New highlights incorporate new virtualization highlights, new Active Directory highlights, IIS 7.5, and support for 256 sensible processors. Backing for 32-bit-just processors (IA-32) has been evacuated. On July 22, 2009, Microsoft formally reported that they had discharged the two Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7 to assemble. Windows Server 2008 R2 was commonly accessible for download from MSDN and Technet on August 19 and for retail buy from October 22, 2009.
System requirements of windows server 2008 and windows server 2008 R2
For windows server 2008
The CPU requires a minimum 1 GHz of the processor for the 32-bit system and 1.4 GHz for the 64-bit system. Moreover, it is recommended to use a processor of 2 GHz or faster for better features.
The requirement for RAM is a minimum of 512 MB but the recommendations are of 2 GB or higher.
The minimum requirement of HDD for the foundation is 10 GB while in the case of other editions, 20 GB is required for 32-bit system and 32 GB for the 64-bit system. Moreover, for better use, the recommendations are of 40 GB or higher.
For windows server 2008 R2
The CPU requires a minimum of 1.4 GHz of the processor for the 64-bit system but for better use, 2 GB is recommended.
The requirement for RAM is a minimum of 512MB but the recommendations are of 2 GB or higher.
The minimum requirement of HDD for the foundation is 10 GB and for the other editions, it is 32 GB. For better use, one may use greater memory in all editions.
The requirement for devices is DVD drive, 800 × 600 or higher display, keyboard and mouse in both the cases.
The following specifications of the hard drive are supported by windows server 2008 and 2008 R2-
- Physical processors-
- For windows server 2008, Standard: 4, Enterprise: 8, Datacenter: 32.
- For windows server 2008 R2, Standard: 4, Enterprise: 8, Datacenter: 64.
- Logical processors when Hyper-V is disabled-
- For windows server 2008, IA-32: 32, x64: 64
- For windows server 2008 R2, 256
- Logical processors when Hyper-V is enabled-
- For windows server 2008, IA-32: N/A, x64: 24
- For windows server 2008 R2, 64
- Memory on IA-32:
- For windows server 2008, Standard, Web: 4 GB, Enterprise, Datacenter: 64 GB
- For windows server 2008 R2, N/A
- Memory on x-64:
- For windows server 2008, Standard, Web: 32 GB, HPC: 128 GB, Enterprise, Datacenter: 1 TB
- For windows server 2008 R2, Foundation: 8 GB, Standard, Web: 32 GB, HPC: 128 GB, Enterprise, Datacenter: 2 TB
- Memory on Itanium:
- For windows server 2008, 2 TB
- For windows server 2008 R2, 2 TB
Installing windows server 2008 and 2008 R2
- Insert the installation media for Windows Server 2008 R2.
- Enter language and other preferences.
- Click Install now.
- Select Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise (Full Installation) and click Next.
- Read the license terms.
- The installer asks you which type of installation.
- The installer asks for disk location information.
- The installation begins.
- The installer prompts to change the password. Click OK.
- Enter a new password, re-enter the password to confirm it, and click the right-arrow.
- After you click OK on the confirmation screen, the operating system prepares your desktop.
- The Initial Configuration Tasks window appears by default. Windows Server is now installed. Windows Server prompts for activation information.
- Enter the Product Key and click Next to install Windows Server 2008 R2.